THE BOOK OF REVELATION
The Bibles of Roman Catholics, such as the two Latin Bibles on display here,
were often illustrated with woodcuts that depicted John's vision so that even the illiterate could understand the events it symbolized. For Protestants such as John Foxe, however, the Book of Revelation described the political events in which he was engulfed, namely, the struggles of the English Reformation.
Foxe's Book of Martyrs was arguably the most widely read book in English after the Bible itself, and its depiction of the war of the Church and the Antichrist set the tone for English and American apocalyptic preachers for 250 years. Carried across the Atlantic by the first American settlers, Foxe's book bequeathed a historical timeline that allowed them to interpret current events in light of the events of the Apocalypse, as we see in "The Order of Time" from an English Bible circa 1607. This timeline was so pervasive in American life of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that it could well be said to stretch from the cradle to the grave, and beyond to the resurrection of the dead.
The two "Hieroglyphick" Bibles on display were used to teach young children verses from Revelation, and a Bible from 1726 depicts the resurrection of the dead from Revelation 20:12 on its title page. This timeline culminates in the great battle with the Antichrist, whom American and English Protestants identified with the Catholic Church, as the illustration of Foxe's book makes clear.
A Curious Hieroglyphick Bible: Printed at Worcester, Mass 1788
A New Hieroglyphick Bible, with Devotional Pieces for Youth
1. Biblia Sacra, ad veritatem hebraicam, & probatissimorum exemplarium fidem summa diligentia castigata; cum figuris & descriptionibus etiam chorographicis, quibus variorum ╩dificiorum ac operum structur╩, atque regiones ob omnium oculos ponuntur. Accesserunt pr╩tere ř, hebraicorum, chald╩orum, gr╩corum nominum interpretationes, & copiosissimi indices. Lugduni: Apud Bartholom╩um Vincentium, 1568.
Gift of N. Willis.
2. Biblia Sacra vulgat╩ editionis, Sixti V. Pont. Max. iussu recognita atque edita. Venetiis: Apud Iuntas, .
Gift of Reverend William Wyllie.
3. The Bible, that is, The Holy Scriptures contained in the Old & New Testament. [London]: Imprinted by Robert Barker, printer to the Kinges Most Excellent Maiestie. Cum privilegio, .
Gift of Mr. H.R. Pratt.
4. The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments, newly translated out of the original tongues and with the former translations diligently compared and revised. By His Majesty's special command. Oxford: Printed by John Baskett, Printer to the University, 1726.
5. A Curious Hieroglyphick Bible. Or, Select passages in the Old and New testaments, represented with emblematic figures, for the amusement of youth: designed chiefly to familiarize tender age, in a pleasing and diverting manner, with the early ideas of the Holy Scriptures: to which are subjoined, a short account of the lives of the Evangelists, and other pieces/ illustrated with nearly five hundred cuts. [Worcester]: Printed at Worcester, Massachusetts by Isaiah Thomas and sold at his bookstore, 1788.
6. A New Hieroglyphick Bible, with Devotional Pieces for Youth/ containing four hundred cuts, by Adams. New York: Published by J.C. Riker, 1849.
Gift of Reverend William Wyllie.
7. St. Augustine of Hippo. Diui Aurelij Augustini De summa Trinitate libri quindecim opus prorsus diuini cui Theologice veritates illuminati doctoris Francisci Maronis aptissime conectutur. Basileae: Iohanis Koburger, 1515.
From the Stone Typography Collection.
8. John Foxe. The New and Complete Book of Martyrs. Or, An universal history of martyrdom containing the whole of Fox's Book of Martyrs originally composed and written by the Rev. and celebrated Mr. John Fox, the whole newly revised, corrected, modernized, and improved with editions and great improvements by Paul Wright, D.D. London: Printed for Alex Hogg at the King's-Arms, No. 16. Paternoster Row, .
Gift of Mrs. Patricia J. Edgerton.
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