England prospered in the bustling trans-Atlantic trade of the eighteenth century. Production of wealth in the colonies required land and labor. The land came at the expense of neighboring Native Americans. The labor came from abroad. Poor, persecuted, and adventurous Europeans continued to seek opportunities in the New World, but the majority of immigrants arrived under duress. The African slave trade expanded to supply the muscle needed to realize sugar and tobacco profits, inflicting great suffering on its victims. Spurred by force, circumstance, or ambition, most immigrants shared the common experience of leaving family and community behind to make their way among strangers.

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“North America and the West Indies with the opposite Coasts of Europe and Africa” in Thomas Jefferys, The American Atlas.

London: R. Sayer and J. Bennett, 1775.Tracy W. McGregor Library of American History (A 1775 .J44)