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Home | Virginia Genealogy: A Guide to Genealogical Resources at the University of Virginia, compiled by Jean L. Cooper, rev. ed. 2005-2009.

E-mail: jlc5f at virginia dot edu

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U.S. -- Histories, Records, Genealogies -- Civil War & Reconstruction Period (1861-1877)

The major repository of Civil War documents is the National Archives in Washington, D.C. The following brief list of general sources will provide a helpful starting point, particularly the guides that describe Confederate and Federal Civil War documents in the National Archives.

Rosters and lists may be found by searching: United States -- History -- Civil war, 1861-1865 -- Registries or Confederate States of America -- Registries.

Regimental histories of the period may be found by searching: United States -- History -- Civil war, 1861-1865 -- Regimental histories.

For further information on Virginians in the Civil War, consult the Virginia Sources section of this website.

Gov Info Reading Room
AE 1.108:C 76/986

Law Library
CD3047 .B4 1986

Beers, Henry Putney. The Confederacy : a guide to the archives of the Government of the Confederate States of America. Washington, DC : National Archives and Records Administration, 1986.

Reprint. Originally published as: Guide to the archives of the Government of the Confederate States of America. Washington : National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1968. Contains general descriptions of the records of agencies of the Confederate government, including the Congress and the judicial and executive branches. Of particular importance and interest to the genealogist are the chapters devoted to the War Department and the Navy Department of the Confederacy. Both chapters include lengthy sections on regiments, battalions, companies, and commanders and refer the reader to the correct record group in the National Archives. There is a comprehensive index.
The Civil War Net. Website. c2005.
Alderman Reference
E548.C66 1962
Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Northern Virginia. The Appomattox Roster: A List of the Paroles of the Amy of Northern Virginia, Issued at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. New York: Antiquarian Press, 1962.

Lists of Confederate officers, noncommissioned officers, and enlisted men who surrendered with the Army of Northern Virginia and were paroled. There is a comprehensive surname index. The work is helpful in determining battalions, regiments, and companies in which Confederate soldiers served.
Hoemann, George H. The American Civil War Homepage. Website. c2005.
Alderman Stacks
E467 .J795 2004
Jones, Wilmer L. Generals in blue and gray. Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2004. 2 vol.

v. 1. Lincoln's generals -- v. 2 Davis's generals.
Alderman Stacks
E494 .M38 2003
McManus, Stephen. Civil War research guide : a guide for researching your Civil War ancestor. 1st ed. Mechanicsburg, PA : Stackpole Books, c2003.
Gov Info Reading Room
AE 1.108:Un 4/986

Munden, Kenneth W., and Henry Putney Beers. The Union : a guide to federal archives relating to the Civil War. Washington DC : Published for the National Archives and Records Administration by the National Archives Trust Fund Board, 1986.

Originally published as: Guide to federal archives relating to the Civil War. Washington : National Archives, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1962. The companion volume to the Guide to the Archives . . . of the Confederate States of America (above), this volume is also arranged by agency name. "Records of a general character are described, and there follow separate descriptions of the records of component bureaus or other offices, each usually preceded by a historical statement." The chapters on the War Department, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Interior Pension Office are most useful. Well indexed.


National Park Service. The American Civil War : Forging a more perfect union. Website.

This federal government website contains much information about the American Civil War, including the Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System, a searchable database of all individuals who served on both sides of the conflict.


National Park Service. Civil War soldiers and sailors system. Website.

Allows searches of Civil War combatants by name, regiment, cemeteries, battles, and prison.

Alderman Micform
Micfilm 5648

Phillips, Geraldine N. Compiled records showing service of military units in Confederate organizations. Washington : National Archives, National Archives and Record Service, General Services Administration, 1971. 74 reels of microfilm and a guide.

"Records reproduced ... are from War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record group 109, in the National Archives building." -- [P.] 2 of cover of guide.

Alderman Reference
F208 .S44 2008

Segars, J. H. (Joe Henry). In search of your Confederate ancestors. 2nd ed., rev. Gretna, LA : Pelican Publishing Company, 2008.

Special Collections
E548 .S67 1996

Spratt, Thomas M. Men in gray interments. Athens, Ga. : Iberian Publishing, c1996-

Library has v. 1-13.

United States Civil War Center. Index of Civil War information on the net. Baton Rouge, LA, last updated 1/6/05.

Gov Info Reading Room
W 45.5






United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1880-1901. 128 vols.

United States. Naval War Records Office. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1894-1922. 30 vols.

These two sets are the authoritative editions of records of both the Union and Confederate armies and navies. The records include correspondence, orders, field reports, etc. The electronic edition may be searched by keyword.

Alderman Reference
E 467 .W29 1964
Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders. [Baton Rouge] : Louisiana State University Press, 1964.

Biographical sketches of Union generals. Includes several useful appendixes, bibliographic notes on each entry, and a complete bibliography of sources. The arrangement is alphabetical.
Alderman Reference
E467.W3 1959

Special Collections
E467 .W3 1986
Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. [Baton Rouge]: Louisiana State University Press, 1959.

Spec Coll has 1986 reprint. Concise biographical sketches of Confederate generals. Format identical to Generals in Blue, above.

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